Learning All About Pico Laser in Singapore

Beautiful woman with clean white skin

If you are one of those people who like to be updated with the latest trends in aesthetic medicine, then you have probably heard the buzz about pico laser by now. Pico laser is a popular patented laser technology that has gained a huge traction as the new standard for treatment of pigmentation, scars, and pores in Singapore.

Contrary to the common belief, picolaser refers to a specific type of laser technology and not a brand or name of a laser machine. The word “pico” refers to picosecond, which is one trillionth of a second. A picolaser is an advanced pigment laser that is capable of producing high power laser beams with ultra-short pulse durations. Pulse duration pertains to how much time one laser shot can stay on the skin. Pico laser was created as an enhanced version of the traditional Q-switched lasers which can produce laser beams in the nanosecond (billionth of a second) duration. This makes picosecond lasers about ten times faster than the nanosecond Q-switched lasers, which also means that the pico laser can fire more laser shots in the same amount of time as compared to a Q-switched laser. The shorter pulse duration also means that the skin has a lesser tendency to heat up and this minimized the risk of hyperpigmentation that sometimes form due to incorrect laser procedures.

This article from Cambridge Medical, a pioneering medical aesthetic clinic in Singapore that offers bespoke medical skincare, face and body shaping and lifestyle optimization services, will answer your most pertinent questions about pico laser: what are the benefits of pico laser, how does it work, and what are the side effects and risks with using pico laser.

What Are the Benefits of Pico Laser?

Young beautiful woman looking at herself in mirror

Pico laser in Singapore is a safe and effective non-invasive treatment for skin pigmentation, fine lines, and scars. Skin pigmentation refers to a concentrated area of increased pigmentation that is usually caused by prolonged exposure to UV rays. Examples of pigmentation that can be addressed by pico laser include sun spots, freckles, melasma, and Hori’s nevus. Pico laser can remove these unsightly blemishes to give way to a clearer and even-toned complexion.

Pico lasers are very effective in treating issues in skin texture such wrinkles, fine lines, and acne scars due to its ability to stimulate the production of collagen at deeper layers of the skin.

Aside from skin rejuvenation and treatment of pigmentation, pico laser is also used for tattoo removal. It is capable of breaking up ink particles and pigments using powerful laser waves instead of heat, which means that your doctor can remove your tattoo (or pigmentation) in a more aggressive manner without any fear of having unwanted side effects like scarring, burning, or even post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).

How Does Pico Laser Work?

The pico laser can perform multiple functions simultaneously. It removes pigmentation, treat acne cars, smoothen skin texture, and minimizes pores by penetrating far below the surface of the skin. When the laser light gets absorbed by the pigmented lesions in the skin, the light vibrates and it shatters the pigmentation into miniscule fragments using picosecond pulses. As a non-ablative pigment laser with high photo-acoustic capability, pico laser can heat up the tissues in the targeted area without affecting the surrounding region.

Picosecond laser for skin pigmentation treatments

The newer models of pico laser machines uses diffractive lens array (DLA)or micro-lens array (MLA) that can produce a concentrated form of laser light to trigger a laser-induced optical breakdowns (LIOB). This helps the skin heal by stimulating elastin and collagen.

Overall, the procedure is simple, safe, fast, and convenient. You need to have a series of three to six treatments to achieve optimum results.

What Are the Side Effects and Risks of Using Pico Laser in Singapore?

Depending on your personal tolerance to pain and the area where the pigmentation is, most patients are able to tolerate the laser session without too much discomfort. Some say that they feel a mild prickling sensation throughout the treatment, while others compare the experience to being snapped by a rubber band on the face repeatedly.

Since there is no thermal injury to the dermis layer of the skin, minimal downtime can be observed. You are free to resume your normal schedule after the treatment, but you will be advised by your doctor to avoid physical activities that may stimulate facial heating. You will also be required to avoid prolonged sun exposure for a week before and after the treatment in order to prevent hyperpigmentation.

There is a tendency for the skin to be drier than usual for two to four days after the laser treatment. If scars are part of your skin condition, there will be some mild discomfort, slight itchiness, redness, and microbruises under the skin that may last for one to two days. For some patients, darkening of the existing pigmentation may occur, but this is not something to worry about; this is normal and it will eventually fade after a few days.

The results of pico laser treatments are more or less permanent. However, certain factors such as ageing, sun exposure, and hormonal changes (most common in women) may cause new pigmentation to develop. It is very important to apply sunscreen every time you go out of the house to avoid new pigmentation. You may also need regular maintenance sessions to further enhance the results.

Just remember that before undergoing pico laser or any type of laser treatment, you need to confer with your doctor to discuss your expectations and be sure to let them know what you want to get out of the procedure. At Cambridge Medical clinic, we will conduct a physical examination and we will thoroughly review your medical history to confirm that you are a suitable candidate for pico laser treatment.

Cambridge Medical Group
91B Orchard Road, #08-05A1,
Tower B, Ngee Ann City, Singapore 238874
+65 6733 0777

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